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    Hinekirikiri is the female guardian of the intertidal zone. Within te ao Māori, seashores occur at the border of the realms of Tangaroa (god of the sea) and Tāne (god of the forest). Many pūrākau are set at this boundary. Similarly, there are many tikanga that are observed there and support the survival and management of this area of environmental richness.

    Beaches are places of great importance to Māori as sources of food. Each iwi has its own particular protocols to observe when visiting coastal sites or gathering any sea-based resources. It is good to arrange for someone from your local iwi to visit to discuss these protocols with students. Introduction of kupu Māori will encourage development of dual perspectives on understanding this environment.

    Kuputaka

    Glossary of kupu Māori mō te ara o Hinekirikiri
    (Māori words associated with the intertidal zone)

    ākau

    rocky shore

    hāpua

    lagoon

    hāroto

    rock pool

    huamutu

    whelk

    ika

    fish

    kaikiko

    carnivore

    kaimoana

    seafood

    kaiota

    herbivore

    kaitiakitanga

    guardianship of the environment

    kawau

    shag

    kōurarangi/meroiti ika

    zooplankton

    kōuraura

    shrimp

    kuku

    mussel

    mānawa

    mangrove

    meroiti tipu

    phytoplankton

    moana

    sea

    mōwhiti

    sandhopper

    ngaeti

    periwinkle

    ngākihi

    limpet

    ngā manu o te moana

    seabirds

    one kirikiri

    shingle shore

    onepū

    sandy shore

    pāpaka

    crab

    pātangatanga

    sea star

    pātītī tai

    sea grasses

    pātitotito

    barnacle

    petipeti

    jellyfish

    pūkohu wai

    algae

    pūngāwerewere/pūwerewere

    spider

    pūrei

    sedge

    rāhui

    closed season

    rimurimu

    seaweed

    tāhuahua

    sand dune

    tāhuahua

    dune

    tai

    tide

    taihua

    tidal zone

    taikoraha

    mudflat

    tātahi

    beach

    tio

    oyster

    tōrea

    oystercatcher

    turituri pourewa

    stilt

    wahapū

    estuary

    whanaungatanga

    relatedness

    wīwī

    rushes

    Download the kuputaka as a PDF.

    Related content and activity ideas

    Hub resources with te reo Māori is a curation of resources that have been translated into te reo Māori and a number of resources that feature both te reo Māori and English.

    Estuaries – a Māori perspective supports students to engage with this dynamic environment from a te ao Māori perspective.

    Use some of the kupu during the Beach visits – habitats and food webs activity.

      Published 26 August 2021 Referencing Hub articles