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  • Me pēwhea tātou e whakarōpū i ngā rauropi koiora?

    How should we classify biological organisms?

    He pūnaha whakarōpū ❘ Taxonomic classification

    Kingdom | Mātāmuatanga

    Phylum | Pori

    Class | Karangatanga

    Order | Pūtoi

    Family | Whānau

    Genus | Puninga

    Species | Momo

    He pūnaha whakarōpū – te nīkau hei tauira:

    Mātāmuatanga Planta (ngā tupu)
    Pori Spermatophyta (he tupu whai kākano)
    Karangatanga Magnoliopsida (he tupu whaipua)
    Pūtoi Arecales (he momo ‘palm tree’)
    Whānau Palmae (he momo ‘palm tree’)
    Puningana Rhopalostylis (he karapu te āhua o te taihema uwha)
    Momo sapida (he reka ki te tangata – e ana ki te rito)

    Taxonomic classification – nīkau as an example:

    Kingdom Planta (plants)
    Phylum Spermatophyta (seed plants)
    Class Magnoliopsida (flowering plants)
    Order Arecales (palm trees)
    Family Palmae (palm trees)
    Genus Rhopalostylis (club-shaped style)
    Species sapida (tasty – referring to the terminal shoot)

    He maha ngā āhuatanga e hāngai ana ki te whakarōputanga o ngā rākau me ngā tupu.

    Many characteristics are used to classify trees and other plants.

    Āe rānei e whai kākano ana te rākau, kāo rānei?

    Āe – he rākau whai kākano.

    Kāo – he rākau aruhe.

    Does the plant/tree produce seeds or not?

    Yes – seed-producing plants/trees.

    No – tree ferns.

    Āe rānei e whaipua ana te rākau, kāo rānei?

    Āe – he rākau whaipua.

    Kāo – he rākau koroī.

    Does the tree produce flowers or not?

    Yes – flowering plants.

    No – conifers.

    He maha ngā momo rākau whaipua kei roto i ngō tātou ngahere.

    There are many species of flower-producing plants and trees in our forests.

    He āhuatanga anō e whakarōpu ai i ngā tupu

    Ahakoa te maha o ngā āhuatanga kia āhei ai te tangata ki te tautuhi i ngā tupu me te tini o ngā momo rākau kei ō tātou ngahere, mā te whakawhanaungatanga tātou katoa ērā āhuatanga o te te tautuhi rākau e tohunga.

    Ka mutu, ka taea rānei pea e tātou ētehi tikanga whakarōpu, ētahi tikanga tautuhi rākau hoki e pai ai ki a tātou, ki ngō tātou hoa, ā, ki ngō tātou whānau anō hoki.

    Despite the many characteristics used to identify plants and the numerous tree species in our forests, with familiarity, we can all master tree identification.

    What’s more, we might even develop methods of classification and tree identification that are suitable for us, our peers and our families.

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    This resource is available as a te reo Māori only Word document file for kura to adapt as required.

    He kōrero kōpūtahi ❘ Related content

    Mō te tūpono he ngākau whakapuke koe ki ēnei kaupapa:

    You may also be interested in these:

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    Ngā hono ❘ Useful links

    He whakamihi

    Tēnei te mihi nui ki a Mokoro Gillett (Tumuaki o Te Wharekura o Te Rau Aroha) rāua ko Norman Mason (Manaaki Whenua – Landcare Research). Tēnā kōrua.

    Acknowledgements

    Thank you to Mokoro Gillett (Principal of Te Wharekura o Te Rau Aroha) and Norman Mason (Manaaki Whenua – Landcare Research).

      Published 30 August 2022 Referencing Hub articles
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