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    Are you looking for ways to teach forces? If you’re new to the Science Learning Hub, you may want to start with our introductory video on teaching physics.

    Alternatively, below are use the links below to explore the Science Learning Hub resources for primary teachers related to forces in the Physical World strand of the New Zealand Curriculum.

    Topic: Flight

    Flight explores the physics fundamentals of gravity, lift, drag and thrust –  using birds and planes as the context

    Investigating flight – an introductory article with links to media, articles and student activities

    How birds fly – Article

    Principles of flight – Aritcle

    Forces affecting flight – Image

    Wing aspect ratio – Article

    Wing loading – Article

    Wings and lift – Article

    Gliders and kites – Article

    Aerofoils and paper planes – Activity

    Kites – Activity

    Making a glider – Activity

    Wings for flight – Interactive

    Topic: Rockets

    Rocket design is all about finding an optimal balance between thrust, mass and aerodynamics.

    Unit plan: Rockets teaching sequence

    Investigating rockets – an introductory article with links to media, articles and student activities

    Lift-off – Article

    Rocket aerodynamics – Article

    Rockets and mass – Article

    Rockets and thrust – Article

    Calculating rocket acceleration – Article

    Getting rockets into space – Article

    Balloon car challenge – Activity

    Effervescent canister rockets – Activity

    Launch simulator challenge – Activity

    Water bottle rockets – Activity

    Skateboard forces – Image

    Rocket launch simulation – Interactive

    Topic: Satellites

    The science ideas that allow satellites to remain in orbit are principally ones of gravitational forces and circular motion.

    Investigating satellites – an introductory article with links to media, articles and student activities

    Gravity and satellite motion – Article

    Launching satellites – Article

    Alternative conceptions about gravity – Article

    I’m looking at how we can reduce pressure drag with different position and using different types of helmets and also reduce the skin friction drag by using different skinsuits.

    Lindsay Underwood

    Topic: Cycling aerodynamics

    Our collection of resources on cycling aerodynamics is a great opportunity to look at forces and speed in relation to cycling and think about how these might be measured and how one affects the other. 

    Cycling Aerodynamics – an introductory article with links to media, articles and student activities

    Causes of aerodynamic drag – Article

    Forces and speed – Article

    Faster bikes –  Article

    Individual pursuit graphs – Activity

    Investigating airflow over shapes – Activity

    On your bikes – Activity

    An aerodynamic bike – Image

    Forces on a tyre – Image

    Aerodynamics and drag – Video

    Testing aerodynamics of elite cyclists – Video

    The wind tunnel – Video

    What is rolling resistance? – Video

    Sports and physics quiz – Activity

    Topic: Sporting edge

    Muscles can only contract and then relax – they can never push. So for every body movement there are muscles that contract to make the bones move and others that contract to pull the bones back to their original position.

    Measuring the power output of elite athletes – Activity

    Sports and physics quiz – Activity

    Teacher ideas

    In these videos, teacher Sinead Senek explains how her students learned about forces through hands-on experiences and Hub resources.

    Learning about rockets  – Video

    Thinking and talking like scientists  – Video

      Published 7 July 2015, Updated 12 April 2018 Referencing Hub articles