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In this activity, students use a picture book and/or dig a hole to learn more about soil, observation and inference in science.

By the end of this activity, students should be able to:

  • make observations about what they see in the picture book
  • make inferences about what they think is happening in the picture book
  • use their senses of sight and touch to make observations about soil from the playground
  • make inferences about the soil based on their observations.

Download the Word file (see link below) for:

  • introduction/background notes
  • what you need
  • what to do
  • extension ideas.

Nature of Science

Science knowledge is based on observations of the natural physical world. Scientists make inferences and draw conclusions from these observations.



    Published 30 June 2015