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  • In this activity, students use observation to explore earthworm anatomy and the nature of science.

    By the end of this activity, students should be able to:

    • identify various physical characteristics (such as segments, clitellum)
    • describe how an earthworm uses its circular and longitudinal muscles to move
    • discuss how their observations and experiences in the classroom mirror those of real scientists.

    Download the Guide and Data sheet PDFs from AgResearch's The Great Kiwi Earthworm Survey.

    Download the Word file (see link below) for:

    • introduction/background notes
    • what you need
    • what to do
    • extension ideas
    • hints for finding, housing and handling earthworms.

    Nature of science

    Science is based on observations of the world around us. Scientists use both their senses and instruments to make systematic observations. Scientific knowledge is modified as new evidence comes to light.

      Published 12 June 2012, Updated 16 May 2023 Referencing Hub articles
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