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  • In this activity, students set up an alcoholic fermentation, prepare and view a slide of bacteria responsible for monolactate fermentation and answer questions about a video clip on gut bacteria fermentation.

    By the end of this activity, students should be able to:

    • explain the meaning of the terms ‘aerobic’ and ‘anaerobic
    • describe the bacterial fermentation process used in yoghurt production
    • describe the yeast (fungal) fermentation process used in wine making
    • describe the bacterial fermentation process that occurs in the part of the human gut known as the large intestine
    • demonstrate a basic understanding of some of the gut bacteria research being conducted by scientists at Plant & Food Research.

    Download the Word file (see link below) for:

    • introduction/background notes
    • what you need
    • what to do
    • student worksheets.

    Related content

    In Gut bacteria and health find out more about Plant & Food Research’s human gut health programme and the research that aims to better understand the interactions that go on between food, gut bacteria and health.

    It has been estimated that there are more bacteria in the large intestine than there are cells in the body. Maintaining a healthy bacterial population in the large intestine plays a key role our sense of wellbeing. Use our article Healthy gut bacteria to explore this further.

    Activity ideas

    Find out more about making ginger beer from traditional recipes on the Hub and use this unit plan to get your class to test some recipes. This class case study investigates the effectiveness of this teaching unit plan.

    Fermentation is one of the earliest examples of biotechnologysourdough is a slow-fermented bread and is one of the oldest types of bread.

      Published 1 July 2011, Updated 6 July 2022 Referencing Hub articles
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