Rights: University of Waikato. All Rights Reserved. Published 28 June 2013 Download



Mussels are out hanging in the water column, and they’re vulnerable to things coming and eating them.

Probably one of the worst predators for early mussels is fish, especially snapper and spotties – they come and bite, bite and eat the mussels, the baby mussels off the farm. Sometimes you get starfish setting up home on mussel farms, and they’ve got strong arms, and they can pull the mussel shells open and eat the mussels.


Professor Andrew Jeffs, Oliver Trottier – Leigh Marine Laboratory, Auckland University.
The Shape of Life http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0