Humans and the water cycle

https://www.sciencelearn.org.nz/resources/726-humans-and-the-water-cycle
We are becoming increasingly aware of our impacts on nature, but unfortunately many of the ...

What is the Earth system?

https://www.sciencelearn.org.nz/resources/1256-what-is-the-earth-system
There are many interacting systems that make up the Earth, many of which are dynamic. These ...

Earth system

https://www.sciencelearn.org.nz/resources/720-earth-system
Trying to understand how this planet we call home works can seem confusing – there are so many ...

Fire behaviour

https://www.sciencelearn.org.nz/resources/763-fire-behaviour
Fires behave differently. Some burn slowly and evenly; others are extremely hot, burning ...

Insulation

https://www.sciencelearn.org.nz/resources/1006-insulation
In Antarctica, winter temperatures can vary from -70ºC to -15ºC – it is one of the coldest ...

Water and ice

https://www.sciencelearn.org.nz/resources/1008-water-and-ice
Looking down at the Earth from space, you can get an idea of just how much water there is. In ...

Water and weather

https://www.sciencelearn.org.nz/resources/725-water-and-weather
The water cycle is driven by energy from the sun. Liquid water is evaporated and changed into a ...

Ecosystems

https://www.sciencelearn.org.nz/resources/993-ecosystems
What is an ecosystem? An ecosystem is made up of animals, plants and bacteria as well as the ...

Soil formation

https://www.sciencelearn.org.nz/resources/955-soil-formation
New Zealand has a wide variety of landscapes. A day’s sightseeing journey might include ...

Lightning explained

https://www.sciencelearn.org.nz/resources/239-lightning-explained
Lightning is a large-scale natural spark discharge that occurs within the atmosphere or between ...

Renewable energy sources

https://www.sciencelearn.org.nz/resources/1571-renewable-energy-sources
Renewable energy is fuel that comes from a source that can be replenished in a short amount of ...

Plasmas explained

https://www.sciencelearn.org.nz/resources/238-plasmas-explained
We happily live in the Earth’s gaseous lower atmosphere composed of a mixture of gases – ...

Why is Antarctica so cold?

https://www.sciencelearn.org.nz/resources/1038-why-is-antarctica-so-cold
During winter, the average temperature in the South Pole is -60°C, but in the North Pole it is ...

Linking ideas, activities and lessons

https://www.sciencelearn.org.nz/resources/1825-linking-ideas-activities-and-lessons
In the primary classroom, even though teachers and students generally spend the day together ...

Observing clouds and weather

https://www.sciencelearn.org.nz/resources/628-observing-clouds-and-weather
Wayfinder navigators always look for signs of weather at sunrise and sunset. This is when they ...

New Zealand’s National Science Challenges

https://www.sciencelearn.org.nz/resources/1112-new-zealand-s-national-science-challenges
As New Zealanders looking to the future, we are faced with many opportunities – and challenges ...

Snow and ice density

https://www.sciencelearn.org.nz/resources/1391-snow-and-ice-density
A small dataset showing the typical densities of snow and ice. Typical densities of snow and ...

Fertiliser

https://www.sciencelearn.org.nz/resources/964-fertiliser
Just as we have essential needs for our growth, plants also have essential needs for their ...

Using solar energy

https://www.sciencelearn.org.nz/resources/1747-using-solar-energy
Solar energy is transformed into other energy forms for our use on Earth – energy for food ...

Energy sources through time – timeline

https://www.sciencelearn.org.nz/resources/1636-energy-sources-through-time-timeline
Use this timeline to explore how humans have relied on fossil fuels in the past and how we are ...

Antarctic terrestrial ecosystem

https://www.sciencelearn.org.nz/resources/951-antarctic-terrestrial-ecosystem
Antarctica is not just a land of ice and snow – it is the coldest, driest climate on earth ...

Heat pumps and energy transfer

https://www.sciencelearn.org.nz/resources/241-heat-pumps-and-energy-transfer
Heat is the flow of energy from a body at higher temperature to one at lower temperature when ...

Waka hourua

https://www.sciencelearn.org.nz/resources/633-waka-hourua
The ancient craft that carried the first settlers to New Zealand were probably double-hulled – ...

Farm management practices

https://www.sciencelearn.org.nz/resources/969-farm-management-practices
Farming is an economic venture – farmers work the land to gain an income. Many New Zealand ...
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