Absolute dating

https://www.sciencelearn.org.nz/resources/1486-absolute-dating
Geologists often need to know the age of material that they find. They use absolute dating ...

Relative dating

https://www.sciencelearn.org.nz/resources/1485-relative-dating
Relative dating is used to arrange geological events, and the rocks they leave behind, in a ...

Date a dinosaur

https://www.sciencelearn.org.nz/resources/1479-date-a-dinosaur
Dinosaurs used to live in New Zealand. We know this because their fossils have been found in a ...

The rock cycle

https://www.sciencelearn.org.nz/resources/1490-the-rock-cycle
The Earth is an active planet. Earthquakes shake and volcanoes erupt. Sections of the crust are ...

Fossil correlation

https://www.sciencelearn.org.nz/resources/1516-fossil-correlation
In this activity, students date fossils from one site by matching them to fossils already dated ...

Carbon-14 dating artefacts

https://www.sciencelearn.org.nz/resources/1686-carbon-14-dating-artefacts
Dr Fiona Petchey is using carbon-14 (C-14) to date artefacts of historical importance excavated ...

Dating the past - introduction

https://www.sciencelearn.org.nz/resources/1478-dating-the-past-introduction
“How old is it?” is one of the first questions you’ll probably ask when you see an interesting ...

Extracting ancient DNA

https://www.sciencelearn.org.nz/resources/2024-extracting-ancient-dna
Museums worldwide hold large collections of preserved specimens of living things. In well ...

Age of the earth – timeline

https://www.sciencelearn.org.nz/resources/1553-age-of-the-earth-timeline
This timeline provides a look at some of the historical aspects in finding out the age of the ...

Developing the New Zealand geological timescale

https://www.sciencelearn.org.nz/resources/1482-developing-the-new-zealand-geological-timescale
Many of us are familiar with some names for parts of Earth’s distant past. There’s the ...

Dating the past – key terms

https://www.sciencelearn.org.nz/resources/1552-dating-the-past-key-terms
Learn how geologists find out the ages of rocks and fossils to help explain how New Zealand’s ...

Heritage scientist timeline – Joan Wiffen

https://www.sciencelearn.org.nz/resources/2426-heritage-scientist-timeline-joan-wiffen
Tributes came in from around the world when Joan Wiffen died in 2009. She was the woman who ...

Clues to the past

https://www.sciencelearn.org.nz/resources/2230-clues-to-the-past
Go back in time 50 million years, and Earth looked incredibly different. Crocodiles lived near ...

Fossil compasses

https://www.sciencelearn.org.nz/resources/1488-fossil-compasses
The Earth has a magnetic field around it, and some magnetic minerals line up with that field. A ...

Piecing it all together

https://www.sciencelearn.org.nz/resources/2427-piecing-it-all-together
In this activity, students use different pieces of a jigsaw to work through a process of ...

Discovering the secret past of Antarctica

https://www.sciencelearn.org.nz/resources/2558-discovering-the-secret-past-of-antarctica
The first human to ever visit the Ross Sea might have been Ui-te-Rangiora, who travelled there ...

Dr James Crampton

https://www.sciencelearn.org.nz/resources/1492-dr-james-crampton
Position: Programme leader Field: Paleontology Organisation: GNS Science Dr James Crampton is ...

Whanganui rocks and climate cycles

https://www.sciencelearn.org.nz/resources/1480-whanganui-rocks-and-climate-cycles
The study of fossils, combined with accurate dating, gives us a detailed picture of climate and ...

World’s largest known dinosaurs once roamed New Zealand

https://www.sciencelearn.org.nz/resources/2394-world-s-largest-known-dinosaurs-once-roamed-new-zealand
A team of fossil hunters has discovered that one of the largest known dinosaurs, a ...

Heritage scientist timeline – Athol Rafter

https://www.sciencelearn.org.nz/resources/2424-heritage-scientist-timeline-athol-rafter
Athol Rafter was a pioneer of radiocarbon dating – the Rafter Radiocarbon Laboratory at GNS ...

Dating the past – question bank

https://www.sciencelearn.org.nz/resources/2470-dating-the-past-question-bank
An inquiry approach is a method often used in science education. The question bank provides an ...

Old rat bones provide key to past

https://www.sciencelearn.org.nz/resources/1555-old-rat-bones-provide-key-to-past
Old rat bones provided scientists from Landcare Research and Oxford University with clues about ...

Dr Marcus Vandergoes

https://www.sciencelearn.org.nz/resources/1515-dr-marcus-vandergoes
Position: Scientist, Field: Paleoecology, Organisation: GNS Science Dr Marcus Vandergoes is a ...

Ancient dinosaur footprints discovered near Nelson

https://www.sciencelearn.org.nz/resources/2393-ancient-dinosaur-footprints-discovered-near-nelson
Dinosaur footprints, thought to be about 70 million years old, have been discovered by a ...
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