Insulation

https://www.sciencelearn.org.nz/resources/1006-insulation
In Antarctica, winter temperatures can vary from -70ºC to -15ºC – it is one of the coldest ...

Continental drift

https://www.sciencelearn.org.nz/resources/952-continental-drift
The Earth’s continents have not always been where they are at present. If you look at a map of ...

Antarctic marine ecosystem

https://www.sciencelearn.org.nz/resources/949-antarctic-marine-ecosystem
The Antarctic ecosystem is unique in that the food chains are very short and often based on the ...

Why is Antarctica so cold?

https://www.sciencelearn.org.nz/resources/1038-why-is-antarctica-so-cold
During winter, the average temperature in the South Pole is -60°C, but in the North Pole it is ...

Astronomical cycles

https://www.sciencelearn.org.nz/resources/1036-astronomical-cycles
Ice caps have come and gone over the Earth’s surface for many millions of years. What has ...

Climate change, melting ice and sea level rise

https://www.sciencelearn.org.nz/resources/2277-climate-change-melting-ice-and-sea-level-rise
One implication of climate change is sea level rise. Sea level is the average height of the ...

New Zealand’s National Science Challenges

https://www.sciencelearn.org.nz/resources/1112-new-zealand-s-national-science-challenges
As New Zealanders looking to the future, we are faced with many opportunities – and challenges ...

Antarctic life and ecosystems

https://www.sciencelearn.org.nz/resources/326-antarctic-life-and-ecosystems
Antarctica – a land of extremes Antarctica is the highest, whitest, driest, coldest and ...

Antarctic terrestrial ecosystem

https://www.sciencelearn.org.nz/resources/951-antarctic-terrestrial-ecosystem
Antarctica is not just a land of ice and snow – it is the coldest, driest climate on earth ...

Animal and plant adaptations

https://www.sciencelearn.org.nz/resources/953-animal-and-plant-adaptations
In this activity, students learn about animal and plant adaptations in Antarctic species and ...

Seals

https://www.sciencelearn.org.nz/resources/1042-seals
Seals are marine mammals found the world over. Characterised by their torpedo shape, seals are ...

Antarctica and global climate change

https://www.sciencelearn.org.nz/resources/421-antarctica-and-global-climate-change
A changing climate The Earth’s climate is always changing, but the changes are usually very ...

Satellites measure sea ice thickness

https://www.sciencelearn.org.nz/resources/261-satellites-measure-sea-ice-thickness
Satellites help scientists measure the thickness of land and sea ice in Antarctica. To validate ...

Water temperature

https://www.sciencelearn.org.nz/resources/1259-water-temperature
In this activity, students look at what happens when hot and cold water meet. By the end of ...

Week 6: Currents in the Southern Ocean

https://www.sciencelearn.org.nz/resources/1281-week-6-currents-in-the-southern-ocean
The main current in the Southern Ocean is the Antarctic Circumpolar Current (ACC), which flows ...

Penguins

https://www.sciencelearn.org.nz/resources/1043-penguins
At first glance, there isn’t much of a family resemblance between penguins and other birds. In ...

Collecting data in Antarctica

https://www.sciencelearn.org.nz/resources/321-collecting-data-in-antarctica
Observation and data gathering Gathering data by conducting field experiments in Antarctica is ...

Working with water and ice

https://www.sciencelearn.org.nz/resources/604-working-with-water-and-ice
Observing and asking questions are essential parts of what a scientist does. Through their ...

Scott Base

https://www.sciencelearn.org.nz/resources/320-scott-base
Antarctic adventure, discovery and science Antarctica is one of the most challenging and ...

Scale model for satellite orbits

https://www.sciencelearn.org.nz/resources/291-scale-model-for-satellite-orbits
In this activity, students use a scale model of the Earth and identify altitudes of various ...

Week 4: Benthos – life on the seabed

https://www.sciencelearn.org.nz/resources/1277-week-4-benthos-life-on-the-seabed
During the voyage to the Ross Sea, we sampled benthos. So what is benthos, and why do we want ...

Life in the freezer

https://www.sciencelearn.org.nz/resources/944-life-in-the-freezer
Many people are surprised to hear that vegetation – mainly mosses and lichens – manages to grow ...

Climate models

https://www.sciencelearn.org.nz/resources/2232-climate-models
Climate affects our lives, and it will continue to affect our future. But how do we know what ...

Investigating sea water

https://www.sciencelearn.org.nz/resources/1258-investigating-sea-water
In this activity, students investigate some of the properties of seawater. By the end of this ...
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