In this activity, students explore different stakeholders’ perspectives on using transgenic cows to make medicines and weigh up the consequences, both benefits (pluses) and harms (minuses) in order to guide decision-making on this issue. The activity forms part of the unit plan Ethics of transgenic cows.


Students discuss an ethical issue using a consequentialist ethical framework, which weighs up the benefits (pluses) and harms (minuses). This approach will encourage class discussion and help students to make an informed and justified decision on this ethical issue.


Ethics, transgenics, consequences, harms, benefits, genetic modification.

    Published 18 July 2011