In this activity, students are introduced to some of the methods scientists use to record earthquakes. They obtain data from tables and graphs, carry out simple calculations and draw results on a map.
By the end of this activity, students should be able to:
- use seismograms from three recording stations to locate the epicentre of an earthquake
- measure the difference in arrival time of P-waves and S-waves, and read the distance from epicentre from a graph
- plot the epicentre location on a map
- investigate the area affected by the earthquake
- write a report that includes a prediction of possible damage, based on type of landscape, human and environmental features.
Download the Word file (see below) for:
- what you need
- what to do
- student instructions
- seismograms from three North Island recording stations
- graph for calculating distance from epicentre
- outline map of North Island.
This activity was developed for the Earthquake Commission (EQC) and has been kindly provided for use on the Science Learning Hub.