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Birds are categorised as endemic, native or introduced. The slide show gives examples of some of the different types of birds we have in New Zealand.

Alternatively, teachers see below for background information on the categories of birds we have in New Zealand.

Endemic

Birds that have evolved and occur and breed naturally only in New Zealand.

  • bellbird (Anthornis melanura)
  • hihi (Notiomystis cincta)
  • kākāpō (Strigops habroptilus)
  • kererū (Hemiphaga novaeseelandiae)
  • kiwi (Apteryx spp.)
  • takahē (Porphyrio mantelli)
  • tūī (Prosthemadera novaeseelandiae)
  • whio (Hymenolanimus malacorhynchos)

Native

Birds that have arrived in New Zealand by themselves and established themselves here. They are also found in other countries.

  • blue penguin (Eudyptula minor)
  • fantail (Rhipidura fuliginosa)
  • kingfisher (Halcyon sancta)
  • morepork (Ninox novaeseelandiae)
  • pied stilt (Himantopus himantopus)
  • pūkeko (Porphyrio porphyrio)
  • silvereye (Zosterops lateralis)

Introduced

Birds that humans have brought to New Zealand.

  • blackbird Turdus merula)
  • house sparrow (Passer domesticus)
  • mallard (Anas platyrhynchos)
  • peacock (Pavo cristatus)
  • pheasant (hasianus colchicus)
  • starling (Sturnus vulgaris)

Useful links

Visit the New Zealand Birds website for specific information on each of the birds that can be found in New Zealand. This site also gives information about extinct birds.

The New Zealand Birds Online website allows you to search by bird name and gives details of species information, habitat, breeding and ecology as well as sound clips of their calls.

    Published 8 July 2010 Referencing Hub articles