This website and its content have been developed with reference to the New Zealand Government Web Standards.

Browser compatibility

This website requires a modern web browser to function correctly. If you have any difficulty accessing content, check that you have the latest version of your web browser. You can find a link to the latest version of your web browser here.

Accessing content

The Science Learning Hub contains a wide range of rich media content in formats using Microsoft Office products (PowerPoint, Word and Excel), Adobe products such as PDFs, Flash, HTML and video content.

These formats may require appropriate software to be installed on your computer. If you have any difficulty opening a file, make sure that you have the latest version of the relevant application on your computer.


See our Contact page for the various ways you can contact us. We are always happy to answer any questions you may have about our website.


Unless otherwise stated, copyright of all material on this website is owned by The University of Waikato. Please see our Copyright page for additional information.

Selecting the blue 'i' icon under a media item will give you additional copyright information.

Download warning

You may get a warning message when opening a link within a downloaded document from the Science Learning Hub. If this happens, please select OK to the question “Would you like to open this file?” This is a standard behaviour that gives users an opportunity to confirm if they trust the source of the download.

Downloading a video

Where applicable, there is a download option for our videos. If this is not displaying, this is due to third-party copyright restrictions. All content is copyrighted for use within the New Zealand Science Learning Hub video clips only.

Registering and favouriting

Registering an account for the Science Learning Hubs is easy and free – sign up with your email address or your Google account. Registering and logging in to the site provides additional features, such as the ability to ‘favourite’ content to find it quickly later.

Once you are logged in, just click the star to favourite a page. Logged-in users can find their favourites through the bar at the top of every page.

Print settings

All printers have different settings, and the width of the page you wish to print from the Hub could be outside the printable area, meaning some text is missed off. When you choose print in your browser, look for the properties or options dialogue box and choose ‘scale to fit’ or set scaling at 85% – this will make the whole page fit to the printer paper size.

Referencing Hub articles

All articles on the Hub are authored by the Science Learning Hub, unless otherwise stated on the page. The date of publication is printed at the bottom of each page. Where a page has been updated, use this date.

For example, you might reference the article Adaptations of marine organisms as follows: Science Learning Hub. (2014). Adaptations of marine organisms. Retrieved from


Having trouble finding what you need in the site search? The following tricks might help:

Exclude results matching a certain word: “dietary NOT fibre” will return articles matching “dietary” and exclude any that contain “fibre” – this is useful for filtering out irrelevant results for searches on popular terms.

Require a combination of words: “water AND rockets” will return articles that match for both “water” and “rockets” (excluding articles that match only one of these words).


Strands are part of the New Zealand curriculum requirements. You can find more information on the strands here.


Selecting the blue ‘i’ icon under a media item will take you to a page that includes copyright information and, for all our interactive and video content, a full transcript.