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  • Close up of white Merino Wool Fleece.
    Rights: 123RF Ltd Published 7 July 2017 Size: 55 KB Referencing Hub media

    Different breeds of sheep produce different types of wool, from very fine merino wool to much coarser crossbred wool. Coarser diameter wool is more suitable for heavy apparel and carpets, while finer wool is used for high-quality apparel. The key properties that determine the use of wool are its diameter and the crimp. The crimp or the waviness of the fibre is different from breed to breed. In merino, it’s very fine – about half a millimetre spacing – but the crimp in crossbred wool is several millimetres long.

    Acknowledgement: 123RF Ltd

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