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Rights: © Copyright. 2014. University of Waikato. All Rights Reserved. Published 13 March 2014 Size: 49 KB

Protein synthesis (or gene expression) is a two-stage process. In the first stage (transcription), an mRNA molecule is produced that echoes the DNA sequence of the gene being expressed. In the second stage (translation), a chain of amino acids is formed at the ribosome, following the instructions provided by the mRNA molecule.