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  • Napoleon’s Retreat from Moscow 1812, Painting by Adolph Norton
    Rights: Public domain Published 17 September 2009, Updated 5 June 2018 Size: 140 KB Referencing Hub media

    Tin below 0 °C changes to grey tin, which is soft and crumbly. There have been theories that the tin buttons on the tunics of Napoleon’s soldiers crumbled in the cold weather and this contributed to their death. Today this is almost wholly accepted as myth due to the lack of any evidence.

    Painting by Adolph Norton (1828-1876).

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