Types of volcanic rock

https://www.sciencelearn.org.nz/resources/650-types-of-volcanic-rock
Rocks are not all the same. Some are heavy, some are light. Others are dark, while some can be ...

Plate tectonics, volcanoes and earthquakes

https://www.sciencelearn.org.nz/resources/654-plate-tectonics-volcanoes-and-earthquakes
The Earth rumbles and a hiss of steam issues from the top of Mt Ruapehu. Are these two events ...

Seismic waves

https://www.sciencelearn.org.nz/resources/340-seismic-waves
When an earthquake occurs, the shockwaves of released energy that shake the Earth and ...

Behaviour of waves

https://www.sciencelearn.org.nz/resources/121-behaviour-of-waves
All waves behave in certain characteristic ways. They can undergo refraction, reflection ...

Under the Earth’s surface

https://www.sciencelearn.org.nz/resources/931-under-the-earth-s-surface
The Earth is an enormous place. There is so much that we don’t yet know about what happens on ...

Limestone uses

https://www.sciencelearn.org.nz/resources/472-limestone-uses
The calcium carbonate content of limestone rocks has been used from the earliest civilisations ...

Types of volcanoes

https://www.sciencelearn.org.nz/resources/648-types-of-volcanoes
Everyone knows what a volcano looks like – isn’t it a steep-sided cone with wisps of ash coming ...

Liquefaction

https://www.sciencelearn.org.nz/resources/343-liquefaction
Liquefaction is a process that temporarily turns firm ground into a liquid. During the ...

Plate tectonics

https://www.sciencelearn.org.nz/resources/339-plate-tectonics
We can blame plate tectonics for many catastrophes over time – earthquakes, volcanoes ...

The Alpine Fault

https://www.sciencelearn.org.nz/resources/330-the-alpine-fault
In the South Island of New Zealand, the boundary between the Australian and Pacific tectonic ...

The moving Earth

https://www.sciencelearn.org.nz/resources/1426-the-moving-earth
Isn’t it funny to think that the Earth is moving! If we stand perfectly still and look into the ...

Auckland’s volcanoes

https://www.sciencelearn.org.nz/resources/655-auckland-s-volcanoes
The city of Auckland is built on a volcanic field. There are 50 volcanoes within an area of ...

Magma on the move

https://www.sciencelearn.org.nz/resources/651-magma-on-the-move
The high temperatures (900°C) and extremely high pressures that occur in the mantle layer of ...

Earthquakes and volcanoes

https://www.sciencelearn.org.nz/resources/930-earthquakes-and-volcanoes
We live in a very exciting country. A day’s drive in a car can take us from snowy mountains ...

Limestone landscapes

https://www.sciencelearn.org.nz/resources/471-limestone-landscapes
Limestone is one of the most common sedimentary rocks found in New Zealand. Eye-catching ...

Tectonic jigsaw puzzles

https://www.sciencelearn.org.nz/resources/933-tectonic-jigsaw-puzzles
In this activity, students turn a map of the Earth into puzzle pieces to investigate tectonic ...

Volcanology methods

https://www.sciencelearn.org.nz/resources/652-volcanology-methods
Scientists use a range of different methods to learn more about volcanoes. A volcanologist may ...

Reading rock core samples

https://www.sciencelearn.org.nz/resources/643-reading-rock-core-samples
One important question that the scientists like Dr Phil Shane at The University of Auckland are ...

Inside the Earth

https://www.sciencelearn.org.nz/resources/337-inside-the-earth
What is happening inside this 12,700 km diameter ball we call the Earth? Some of the Earth’s ...

Canterbury earthquakes

https://www.sciencelearn.org.nz/resources/342-canterbury-earthquakes
An earthquake near Christchurch in September 2010 started a chain of events still being felt ...

Comparing tsunamis and surf

https://www.sciencelearn.org.nz/resources/125-comparing-tsunamis-and-surf
So you want to surf a tsunami? In this article, you’ll learn why that’s not possible – and how ...

New Zealand’s National Science Challenges

https://www.sciencelearn.org.nz/resources/1112-new-zealand-s-national-science-challenges
As New Zealanders looking to the future, we are faced with many opportunities – and challenges ...

New Zealand volcanoes

https://www.sciencelearn.org.nz/resources/936-new-zealand-volcanoes
New Zealand has volcanoes stretching from the Bay of Islands down to Otago. Many of our ...

Seismic engineering

https://www.sciencelearn.org.nz/resources/331-seismic-engineering
Seismic engineering is a branch of engineering that searches for ways to make structures, such ...
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