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ARTICLE

Pollination and fertilisation

Sexual reproduction is a way of making a new individual by joining two special sex cells, called gametes. In the sexual reproduction of animals and plants, the male and female gametes join to ...

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ARTICLE

Flowering plant life cycles

The flowers and fruit of flowering plants come and go as part of their life cycle. Some flowering plants don’t even have stems and leaves all the time. The fruit and vegetables we eat come from ...

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ARTICLE

Attracting pollinators

Flowering plants need to get pollen from one flower to another, either within a plant for self-pollination or between plants of the same species for cross-pollination to occur. However, pollen ...

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ARTICLE

Flower parts

Most flowers have the same basic parts, even though they come in all sorts of shapes, sizes and colours. Flowers are there to make sure that pollination and fertilisation take place, so that ...

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ARTICLE

Honey bee heroes

Honey bees (Apis mellifera) are the most important pollinators of many cultivated food crops and other flowering plants. These plants would be in trouble without bees, and so would we. Flowers ...

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ARTICLE

Pollination – question bank

An inquiry approach is a method often used in science education. The question bank provides an initial list of questions about pollination and places where their answers can be found. The article ...

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ARTICLE

Mistletoes and mutualism

In some of the beech forests of New Zealand, bright red or yellow mistletoe flowers stand out in the summer. The colour attracts native birds, which drink the nectar and pollinate the flowers at ...

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ARTICLE

Insects and forest ecosystems

Our native forests – ngahere – have complex ecosystems. Within the wider ecosystems are smaller ecosystems, such as the one formed around honeydew. Honeydew is a sweet, sticky substance produced ...

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ARTICLE

Fungi

Fungi are eukaryotic organisms and include yeasts, mould and mushrooms. Some fungi are multi-cellular, while others, such as yeasts, are unicellular. Most fungi are microscopic but many produce ...

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ACTIVITY

Pollination pairs

In this activity, students match native flowers with their pollinators, basing predictions on the main characteristics of flowers pollinated by wind, insects or birds. By the end of this ...

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ARTICLE

Viruses

It doesn’t breathe, it doesn’t eat, it doesn’t excrete, and it doesn’t grow – so it can’t be alive, can it? It hijacks a living cell and uses it to produce so many copies of itself that it bursts ...

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ACTIVITY

Pass the pollen

In this activity, students take on the role of flower parts and act out the process of insect pollination By the end of this activity, students should be able to: understand that pollination ...

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TEACHER PLD

Pollination (lower primary) – unit plan

Flowering plants create seeds, which get spread away from the parents and grow into new plants in new places. Pollination has to happen before seeds can be made, so flowers have a range of ways ...

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ARTICLE

Amazing ryegrass

Ryegrass is an important food for cattle, but it is also a favourite food of competing insects. Can biological control offer a solution? What's so special about ryegrass? Ryegrass is an important ...

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ACTIVITY

Exploring microorganisms

In this activity, students research and summarise the key features of bacteria, viruses and fungi. By the end of this activity, students should be able to: draw basic microorganisms describe the ...

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ARTICLE

Decline of birds and pollination

Birdlife has been declining in the New Zealand bush for many years, mainly due to introduced predators such as rats and stoats. Professor Dave Kelly and Jenny Ladley of the University of ...

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ACTIVITY

Pollination – three-level reading guide

In this activity, students read about pollination using a three-level reading guide and use their ability to locate information to interpret the scientific information. Students apply their ...

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ARTICLE

Dr Mark Goodwin

Position: Head of research team Field: Honey bees and pollination Organisation: Plant & Food Research, Ruakura For Dr Mark Goodwin, working with pollination has its challenges. Most crop ...

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