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ARTICLE

How birds fly

One of the requirements for heavier-than-air flying machines is a structure that combines strength with light weight. This is true for birds as well as planes. Birds have many physical features ...

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ARTICLE

Feathers and flight

A bird is designed for flight. The combination of light weight, strength and shape, as well as precision control, is largely responsible for giving birds their special ability for sustained ...

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ARTICLE

Flight of the godwit

Bar-tailed godwits can fly about 12,000 km at one time – further than any other known bird. This recent discovery excited ornithologists around the world. Dr Phil Battley from Massey University’s ...

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ARTICLE

Ocean motion

The ocean has a complex circulation system, moving water, heat, salt and nutrients around the world. Surface currents in the top 400m are driven mainly by wind. Deeper currents are driven by ...

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ARTICLE

Investigating flight – introduction

Have you ever wanted to fly? To soar above valleys and mountains, cities and oceans, feeling the wind whipping against your face? Flight has fascinated humans for as long as we have looked ...

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ACTIVITY

Birds and planes

In this activity, students explore the importance of wing shape and size and how this determines the flight capabilities of birds and planes. By the end of this activity, students should be able ...

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ARTICLE

Becoming human – hominins

As humans, we’re curious about ourselves. Where did we come from? How did we evolve? Hominins Like all living things, early humans are classified using the Linnean classification system ...

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ARTICLE

Investigating flight – question bank

An inquiry approach is a method often used in science education. The question bank provides an initial list of questions on flight and places where their answers can be found. The article ...

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ARTICLE

Gliders and kites

Gliders and kites both have wings to generate lift. A glider’s wings are aerofoils. Well made kites are also aerofoil wings, which gives them lift. Gliders Gliders are planes without a motor ...

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ARTICLE

Palaeogenomics and human evolution

Genomics has opened up our understanding of ancient hominins and human evolution. Genomics is an area within genetics that concerns the sequencing and analysis of an organism’s genome. The genome ...

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ARTICLE

Project Hotspot: Using citizen science to better protect ...

Project Hotspot is a Taranaki-based citizen science project and one of the Participatory Science Platform (PSP) projects supported by the New Zealand Government. The Ngā Motu Marine Reserve ...

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TEACHER PLD

Hub resources with te reo Māori

The Science Learning Hub has a small selection of resources that have been translated into te reo Māori. There are also a number of resources that are part te reo Māori and part English. If ...

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ARTICLE

Studying storm surge and coastal hazards

Dr Rob Bell, a NIWA scientist, studies storm surges and their impact on New Zealand coasts. A storm surge is a very long wave formed by low-pressure storms over the ocean. Because they are ...

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ARTICLE

Tracking godwits

Research on godwit migration involves tracking or following the flight path of the birds. Scientists like Dr Phil Battley and Jesse Conklin from Massey University do this by putting a tracking ...

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ARTICLE

The ocean in action – question bank

An inquiry approach is a method often used in science education. The question bank provides an initial list of questions about the physical and chemical properties of the ocean and places where ...

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ARTICLE

Evolutionary research – advancing our understanding of ...

New technologies can extend our scientific understanding. They can also mean we have to throw out earlier ideas. Prior to the 1950s and the ‘radiocarbon revolution’, archaeology relied on forms ...

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ACTIVITY

Tracking E7

In this activity, students explore the incredible flight of a special bird known as E7 to learn about the migratory flight of bar-tailed godwits from New Zealand. By the end of this activity ...

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