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Key Terms

This resource provides explanations of the key concepts encountered when exploring the Sporting Edge – the ‘basics’ that every student should understand.

Page links to Key Term definitions

  1. Biomechanics
  2. Core strength
  3. Energy
  4. Force
  5. Human physiology
  6. Lever
  7. Muscle
  8. Power
  9. Sports science
  10. Work

List of Key Term definitions

  1. Biomechanics key term.

    1. Biomechanics

    The study of the mechanics of a living body, especially of the forces exerted by muscles and gravity on the skeletal structure.

  2. Core strength key term.

    2. Core strength

    Core muscles are an array of muscles from the chest to hips. They maintain balance, ensure stamina, keep you upright and protect the routes between your brain and your arms and legs. The ability of these muscles to carry out this function is core strength.

  3. Energy  key term.

    3. Energy

    The ability to do work e.g. if a system has a lot of energy, a lot of work can be done.

  4. Force key term.

    4. Force

    An influence that may cause a body to accelerate. It may be experienced as a lift, a push, or a pull.

  5. Human physiology key term.

    5. Human physiology

    Human physiology is the science of the functions of humans, their organs, and the cells of which they are composed. The main focus of physiology is at the level of organs and systems.

  6. Lever key term.

    6. Lever

    A simple machine consisting of a rigid bar pivoted on a fixed point and used to transmit force, as in raising or moving a weight at one end by pushing down on the other.

  7. Muscle key term.

    7. Muscle

    The tissue that makes it possible for an animal to move (and for movement to occur within an animal). Muscles also maintain posture and help maintain body temperature.

  8. Power key term.

    8. Power

    The rate at which work is done, expressed as the amount of work per unit time and commonly measured in units such as the watt and horsepower.

  9. Sports science key term.

    9. Sports science

    A discipline that studies the application of scientific principles and techniques with the aim of improving sporting performance.

  10. Work key term.

    10. Work

    When a force moves an object through a distance in the direction of the force (force x distance), measured in joules.

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