This resource provides explanations of the key concepts encountered when exploring the See-through Body – the ‘basics’ that every student should understand.
Page links to Key Term definitions
- CT (computer-aided tomography)
- EEG (electro-encephalography)
- Electromagnetic spectrum
- Ionising radiation
- Medical imaging
- MRI (magnetic resonance imaging)
List of Key Term definitions
1. CT (computer-aided tomography)
Using X-rays to produce a focused image of specific structures within the body, while blurring details of other structures.
An unhealthy condition of the body or of a part of the body.
3. EEG (electro-encephalography)
The process of recording the electrical activity of the brain.
The ability of a solid to return to its original shape or form after it has been stretched or compressed.
5. Electromagnetic spectrum
The complete range of electromagnetic radiation from the shortest waves (gamma rays) to the longest (radio waves).
6. Ionising radiation
Radiation that has enough energy to shift electrons out of atoms and so produce ions. This can cause damage to biological organisms like humans and can instigate DNA to mutate.
An examination of a breast that uses low dose X-rays.
8. Medical imaging
Any technique (e.g. CT, EEG, MRI, ultrasound, X-ray) that uses the properties of living cells or tissues as a means for reflecting waves back to a visual detector for medical examination.
9. MRI (magnetic resonance imaging)
The use of a very strong magnetic field to line up the spin of hydrogen atoms. When radio waves (non-ionising radiation) are sent into the body in this magnetic field, they reflect off the hydrogen atoms and can be converted into an image of the tissues.
The technique used does not require the patient's body to be opened up by incision, or any samples taken.
Abnormal growth of tissue, usually out of control.
An imaging technique that reflects high-frequency sound waves off internal body parts to create images.
The distance between peaks or crests of a waves of light, heat, or other energy and the next peak or crest.
A photographic image produced using high frequency electromagnetic radiation to show internal parts of the body.