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Timeline - Human impacts in New Zealand

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An interactive look at some of the historical aspects of Enviro-imprints. Slide the time bar to see key dates relating to Enviro-imprints.

13th century

Māori arrive in New Zealand

Polynesian (who were to become the Māori) settle in New Zealand. They bring with them the kiore (pacific rat) and kurī (dog), which was to mark the beginning of a series of species extinctions. Burn-offs by Māori lead to the loss of 30 percent of New Zealand forests.

1840

Treaty of Waitangi signed

50 percent of New Zealand covered by forest. The European settlers cleared the forest for farmland, logged those that were unsuitable for farming and drained wetlands, making the land vulnerable to erosion.

1858

Population over 100,000

Human population of New Zealand is 115,462.

1880s

Mustelids, weasels, stoats and ferrets introduced

Mustelids, weasels, stoats and ferrets are introduced to control rabbits. Unfortunately, they end up killing New Zealand birds instead.

1898

First car in NZ

First car imported into New Zealand.

1901

Population reaches 815,862

Transport is dominated by steam, including steamships, trains and trams. Steam is produced by burning wood and coal.

1930

Widespread deforestation

Large scale erosion and degradation of soils due to deforestation.

1950

Car numbers growing

400,518 licensed motor vehicles on the road in New Zealand.

1951

Population nears 2 million

Population of New Zealand reaches 1,939,472.

1960

Manukau Sewage Purification Works open in Auckland

Wastewater is now treated in large oxidation ponds. Previously, 25 million litres of trade waste and 675,000 litres of raw sewage were discharged into the estuary every day.

1975

1.5 million cars on the road

1,589,827 licensed motor vehicles on the road in New Zealand.

1987

Unleaded petrol arrives

Unleaded petrol introduced into New Zealand, made mandatory in 1996.

1985

Hole in the ozone

Announcement of discovery of a hole in the ozone layer over Antarctica.

1987

Montreal Protocol

New Zealand signs the Montreal Protocol, an international treaty designed to protect the ozone layer by phasing out CFCs.

1988

Pesticide bans

The manufacture of the pesticide 2,4,5-T is stopped. The use of pentachlorophenol, a pesticide used to treat timber, is banned.

1994

PCBs banned

The use of polychlorinated biphenols is stopped.

1997

Kyoto Protocol

Concern that global warming is caused by human emission of greenhouse gases leads to the creation of the Kyoto Protocol designed to reduce the amount of greenhouse gases.

2001

Dioxin levels lowered

Research conducted by the Ministry for the Environment reports that New Zealand’s levels of the toxin dioxin in our food are among the lowest recorded in the world. Steps are being undertaken to reduce this level even further.

2003 

Energy demand increases

Household energy demand increases by 40 percent in the previous 5 years. CO2 emissions increase by 60 percent. The demand for fossil fuel increases by 17 percent.

2003

Canterbury Clean Heat project launched

The project is designed to encourage people to install insulation and less polluting heat sources into their homes.

2006

Forest coverage declining

Only 30 percent (8 million hectares) of New Zealand is now covered by forests.

11 December 2007

4 million and counting

Population of New Zealand is estimated to be 4,249,278. For a running total, see www.stats.govt.nz/methods_and_services/population_clock.aspxexternal link.

Acknowledgements:
Image: licensed through 123RF Limited

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